P2C Guande Wu


“One cannot step into the same river twice”  – Heraclitus

This implies that no one design is the same due to the continuously changing. Everything is changing including architecture. The adaptive technology has been more and more influential in architecture because it can help human being to organize and analysis the design based on parameters, which can be the high of ceiling, the size of door, exposure of light, and FAR. It becomes a powerful important tool.


I think architecture is a design that satisfied the human being’s internal needs, which could be space, security, aesthetic, meaning and etc. Nowadays, the architecture has been standardized, branded, and commercialized. It is lack of creativity and flexibility. It seems like that we are mean to live in a box for the whole life while we all have lived in uterus(round) for almost a year.

Therefore, I think that adaptive architecture can be a solution to meet people’s need because all the requirements can be parametrically calculated and generated. This concept is similar to Embryological House, which also is seeking for a flexible form to meet the satisfaction of individual desire. Dynamic Tower in Dubai can be a great example of using kinetic adaptive system in architecture. The floors will slowly rotate based on need of every floor, meteorogical factors, that makes it has rotating and ever changing form in every direction.

( 1.1)

My Project I also supported the adaptive architecture computation.  I experimented the simulation of fabric tensile structure driven by gravity and tension. The motion of fabric can be recorded and mortified parametrically. A fabric this stage can be considered as a genetic or dynamic prototype from which an infinite number of iterations can be generated.

Fabric http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Sgsaf3_vHE&feature=youtu.be


I think people are the essential in the urban landscape. Because of people’s dreams, imaginations, and desires create motivations for better lives, our society(mirror) is able to reflect their works. However, since we are different, and have different needs. I think that architect should have responsibility to provide the urban space for constantly changing circulations. Adaptive Spaces by kiev UKRAINE did a great job analyzing the circulation of pedestrians and form it a space or structure.

“1st stage – creating the static transit space.
2nd stage – filling the public space with an array of adaptive elements. It is them that will response to a human creating dynamically changing functional zones.”(1.2)

(1.1) http://now-architecture.blogspot.com/2008/11/dynamic-tower-in-dubai-ever-changing.html



  1. Adaptive Spaces reminds me of Video Projection Mapping, basically a projection that if projected on the ground that you walk on, the projections would be affected by pedestrian steps whether it would look like stars moving out of your way or being attracted to you.

    How can this translate into architecture? What if organic space became more “swollen” in main corridors receiving higher traffic, and more “compressed” elsewhere?

    • :grin: good point! I agree with you. In the real life, I don’t think that it is necessary to be organic space to serve people. Through the traffic/circulation data, we can design an astonishing walking experience for people through architecture.

  2. Andrew Campbell

    Buildings are just empty shells without people. You comment on the importance of human evolved design and flexibility based on our needs. It’s interesting to think how we compile our needs, how we express our needs, and then how we accommodate our needs in design.

    Parametric graphs are a better way to visualize human needs than, say, a survey. I think as we better understand formal relationships between people’s actions and needs we’ll generate better graphics to represent those. and a flexible parametric design is only as good as what its derived from.

    • agree!!! My concern is how to give people a different/better experience than what it is up there. Once experience changes, I believe the people will react different again.