Author Archives: Dina Elawad

Dina Elawad_Final Presentation

Final Presentation

Project C

Adaptive architecture can play a large role in the development of the urban landscape.  The fabric structure of a building can be adaptive and react to various conditions of the natural and artificial world.  The fabric structure of Project 1 deals with the wind that is accelerated by the urban landscape and works visually to show the effects of the wind on the structure. The adaptively of the panels allows the conditions of the natural wind patterns to dictate the façade treatment pattern.  This approach can be used in many multiple facets of design with many different driving factors in any location.  For example, the way that sunlight, temperature, noise, or view affect the space can all serve as a driving force of architecture that adapts as a reaction. Fabric is what allows for the flexibility that leads to adaptive architecture.  Fabric structures can move, twist, open and close, and then return back to their original position in ways that traditional materials cannot.  By designating fabric structures in to an archetype, designer could make used of this material in order to accommodate the desire for a more adaptable architecture that reacts to its environment.

Through the development and use of fabric structures, evolutions in this type of building would continue to allow for more adaptability to the urban landscape.  The nCloth tool in AutoDesk Maya, allows for easy control of the fabric structure as well as presents the material in a realistic light that enables the user to experience real world reactions in a fabricated environment. Constraints act as pins that can simulate a pinned, hinged, or fixed connection. Also collisions allow real life interferences play out on the computer screen.  The nCloth also allows for the varying materials to be used and experimented with.  Fabric structures also allow for pre-engineered structures to be individually designed to suit the needs of the urban landscape.  Adaptive architectural uses allow the changing of the structure to respond to the desires of not only the environment, but also the people who inhabit the structure.  By reacting to the environment and the conditions of the urban landscape, the fabric structure can only be sustainable, but also positively affect the way the users of the building experience the building.  Through building flexibility and dynamic fabric structures, designers can provide the urban landscape with active and responsive buildings that not only interact with nature but also provide the best space for its occupants.

Project 2B

Project 2B_Phase 2

P1_F Dina Elawad

Entire Midterm Presentation



P1C_Dina Elawad

The location of the future hotel takes advantage of the river front traffic and near-by buildings disrupt the serenity of the space. Through the use of tensile structures, the unwanted views can be blocked as well as lowering the amount of sound that is caused by the traffic.

Frei Otto Wet Wool Threads Study

In 1964 Frei Otto founded the Institute of Lightweight Structures at the University of Stuttgart. During the early 1990s his team began studying “optimized path systems” which included experimentation with material systems for calculating form, similar to the experimentation of Gaudi during Sagrada Familia.

The first step of the experiment was to create a map of a network using wool thread. Each point on the edge of the circle represented a house and each thread represented the road that could connect them.

Step 1

The second step of the experiment was give each piece of wool thread an 8% over-length because no single road lead directly from one house to another in a city.

Step 2

In Step 3, the network is lowered into water and then shaken gently and slowly removed from the water.  The wet threads have a tendency to stick together and eliminate all over-length and creates a system of merging threads organized by gaps.

Step 3

Below is a project, which structure is based on the experiment by Frei Otto.

Atlanta (January 14, 2009) —The challenge of this project was to understand the rules that occur in self-organizing network systems as were researched by Frei Otto’s team

The first step of this experiment relies on geometry, while the second step allows materiality to take over before the two come together in the third step to create an end result of structure through holes.