Author Archives: Darion Ziegler



landscape colour prints LARGE PLOT portrait colour prints

Another Spacial Analysis Grasshopper Plug-in

I found another grasshopper plug-in that can be used in place of Depthmap. It has both segment analysis and visual analysis, so it may be helpful. The link below leads to a download as well as tutorials of how to use it.

An article about transit plans in Shen Zhen



P2 E1: Research; Rhizome Theory



Originally, the term “rhizome” referred to a type of plant. The Oxford English Dictionary defines rhizome as “a prostrate or subterranean root-like stem emitting roots and usually producing leaves at its apex; a rootstock.”
Image Via:

The psychological theorists Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari used this term to describe their theory of thought structure. They described rhizomatic theory as a way of thinking. Rhizomatic thought is random and all “points” are connected to one another. They described rhizomes as being a network or map, not a static diagram. In looking at the illustration of a rhizomatic root structure above, it is easy to understand why Deleuze and Guattari would use the term “rhizome” to describe a seemingly random, highly connective form of organization.

Deleuze and Guattari wrote many books in their lifetimes, both apart and together. Deleuze in particular would focus on this idea of rhizomes as a way to describe thought structure. The first and most popular book in which they detailed rhizomatic theory was called “A Thousand Plateaus” This book introduced the theory to the public and detailed a basic outline of what they believed a rhizomatic structure was, as well as discussing many other philosophical ideas. The book actually is organized based on a rhizomatic structure, which makes it a very difficult, if not insightful, read. They did find the time in their book to detail rhizomes in a more simplistic way. In “A Thousand Plateaus”, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari outlined the following principles of Rhizomes:

  • 1 and 2: Principles of connection and heterogeneity: “…any point of a rhizome can be connected to any other, and must be,”
  • Principle of multiplicity: only when the multiple is effectively treated as a substantive, “multiplicity” that it ceases to have any relation to the One
  • Principle of asignifying rupture: a rhizome may be broken, but it will start up again on one of its old lines, or on new lines
  • 5 and 6: Principle of cartography and decalcomania: a rhizome is not amenable to any structural or generative model; it is a “map and not a tracing”

(rhizome, philosophy, Wikimedia Foundation).

In order to describe rhizomatic thought in an even more understandable way,  it is often contrasted with arbolic thought process. This is the more traditional theory on thought which is described as hierarchical and is often represented with a tree diagram. Below is a chart comparing and contrasting rhizomatic verse arbolic:

Non-Linear Linear
Anarchic Hierarchic
Smooth Striated
Deterriotorialized Territorialized
Multiplicitous Unitary and Binary
Minor Science Major Science
Heterogeneity Homogeneity


In describing Rhizomatic structure, visual aids can be very handy as well. Below  is a visualization of a mesh versus a tree network. Arbolic thought is often visualized by a tree diagram. On the other hand, rhizomatic thought structure is often visualized by a mesh.


Image by  Anil Bawa-Cavia via:

This idea of Rhizomes as a network structure has been applied to many other disciplines other than psychology as well. For instance, the internet is often described as an organically evolving rhizomatic structure. Below is a diagram of the connections between Wikipedia articles, which has the virtue of looking undoubtedly cool.


Image by Ian Pearce via:

The above diagram of internet article connectivity looks very similar to diagrams we might use in the architecture/planning disciplines. It can be compared to a movement diagram or a connectivity diagram of a site. When seeing a visual aid such as this, it is easy to understand why rhizomatic structure has also been applied to the growth of cities. Organically formed or relatively unplanned cities often fit the ideals of rhizomatic structure. They tend to be anarchic, smooth, nonlinear, and more heterogeneous rather than heavily planned and gridded. Therefore, “rhizomatic” may be either an idealization for city growth or a description of a city. Below is a diagram by Anil Bawa-Cavia relates concepts of rhizomes, cities, and more through classifications of complex systems. This diagram helps to give insight on how an abrstract concept such as rhizomatic structure can be related with more concrete and tangible concepts.

In summary, rhizomatic theory is a very complex and abstract ideal that has been applied to, or used to describe, many systems since it came into use. In writing this post, I found one source in particular that successfully described rhizomatic structure and its applications in architecture in planning. This source was M.Arch thesis titled “Microplexis” by  Anil Bawa-Cavia. This presentation includes notes on rhizome theory and a lot of the themes that may be helpful for our final project. Also, it probably does a better job explaining these concepts than I do, and many of the images shown were included in it. A link is included below:


Works Cited

“The Chicago School of Media Theory Theorizing Media since 2003.” The Chicago School of Media Theory RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2014. <>.

“Microplexes | URBAGRAM.” Microplexes | URBAGRAM. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2014. <>.

“Rhizomatic.” Rhizomatic. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2014. <>.

Rhizome (philosophy). Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. <>.




E2-AMLGM Proposed New York Transportation Hub

The driving idea behind this design was that it a very successful urban strategy to have people live close to major transportation hubs, but due to the reality of land prices and available space in New York, this is not always possible. AMLGM proposed the above design in response to this issue.

The bottom of the design houses live/work/service programs along with ample access to transportation. As is visible in the perspective, roads and subways all collide within the hub.
Above this, the hub would house retail and office space, before finally incorporating various rates of residential space above. This design focuses on creating a vertical circulation of residents traveling to public transit, rather than a more traditional plan-based circulation.

For more information, please visit:

Darion Ziegler E1-B