Author Archives: Yiren Weng

shenzhen

History:

 

Shenzhen

Shenzhen situated immediately north of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The area became China’s first—and one of the most successful—Special Economic Zones (SEZs)

Special Economic Zones of the People’s Republic of China (SEZs) are special economic zones located in mainland China. The government of the People’s Republic of China gives SEZs special (more free market-oriented) economic policies and flexible governmental measures. This allows SEZs to utilize an economic management system that is more attractive to doing business than in the rest of mainland China. In August 1980, the National People’s Congress (NPC) passed “Regulations for The Special Economy Zone of Guangdong Province” and officially designated a portion of Shenzhen as the Shenzhen Special Economy Zone (SSEZ).

Shenzhen’s modern cityscape is the result of the vibrant economy made possible by rapid foreign investment since the institution of the policy of “reform and opening” establishment of the SEZ in late 1979, before which it was only a small village. Both Chinese citizens and foreign nationals have invested enormous amounts of money in the Shenzhen SEZ. More than US$30 billion in foreign investment has gone into both foreign-owned and joint ventures, at first mainly in manufacturing but more recently in the service industries as well. Shenzhen is now considered one of the fastest-growing cities in the world.

Being southern mainland China’s major financial center, Shenzhen is home to the Shenzhen Stock Exchange as well as the headquarters of numerous high-tech companies. Shenzhen is also one of the busiest container ports in the world

Shenzhen has seen its population and activity develop rapidly since the establishment of the SEZ. Shenzhen’s population is roughly ten million. About six million of these people are non-local migrant workers who may return to their home town/city on the weekends and live in factory dormitories during the week. Shenzhen is the largest migrant city in China.

 

Sungang Railway Station, formerly “Shenzhen North Railway Station,” is a freight station in Luohu District of Shenzhen, Guangdong, China. The original station was opened in 1962 with its name “Sungang”, expanded in 1973 and changed to its “Shenzhen North” in 1977. Its name was changed back to “Sungang” again in 2008 due to the same name as another “Shenzhen North Railway Station” in the future Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link.

 

 

SQ:

3 documents from baidu may helpful for us know more about SQ

Consultancy Mission and Entry Rules from government

http://wenku.baidu.com/view/fb56f5cfa1c7aa00b52acb2f.html

Proposal

http://wenku.baidu.com/view/f71cd98fa0116c175f0e48cd.html

http://www.kcap.eu/en/news/2011/kcap_wins_urban_regeneration_competition_in_shenzhen_china

Planning from government

http://wenku.baidu.com/view/6a0ed5d1b14e852458fb57e7.html

study of industrial area

industrial_base2industrial_base

Housing pattern related to population density

1 (mecels.com)

Cluster development is a development arrangement in which all buildings allowable on a site are concentrated on a portion of the site, leaving the remainder of the site undeveloped. This contrasts with the conventional land development and subdivision approach, which is to divide an entire site into lots, each of which meets minimum zoning lot size requirements and may be used for building construction. By clustering buildings together on smaller lots rather than spreading development throughout the site, a developer has greater flexibility to design around environmental and other constraints, without having to reduce the total number of developable lots. As a result, cluster development can provide an approach for communities and developers to protect and buffer environmentally sensitive areas, to preserve important site features, or to provide recreation areas or natural open space. It also provides the flexibility to conserve or buffer natural resource lands, such as farmlands. Maintaining the undeveloped lands in productive uses, such as orchards or pastures, can contribute economic value to the project. (mrsc.org)

buckwalterPlacePlan(buckwaltercommercial.com)

A planned unit development (PUD) is a large, integrated development, developed under unified control according to a master plan, and located on a single (or contiguous) tract of land. PUDs are characterized by a varied and complementary mix of land uses, such as housing, recreation, commercial centers, and industrial parks. The mix of uses allows residents to meet many daily needs for goods and services without leaving the development and provides employment for some residents. Local PUD development regulations provide more planning flexibility than traditional zoning. Under a conventional development scenario, the site is divided into equivalent-sized lots, each of which meets minimum zoning lot size requirements. In contrast, PUDs are characterized by a clustering of development on smaller lots on one or several portions of the site, leaving the remainder of the site undeveloped. Such clustering allows the developer to protect and buffer environmentally sensitive areas, to preserve important site features, or to provide recreation areas, significant open space, and other amenities on the remainder of the site.  (mrsc.org)

Cluster development generally has a small population density, because buildings only occupy part of the whole site. And normally they are single family houses. Within the site, population density is larger in the residential area and smaller in undeveloped portion. Because population density of cluster development is low, street front is smaller. Also, the people live in these area normally have cars, so the street front would not be used very often by occupants.

PUD has a larger population density than cluster development because of complementary mix of land uses and building types. Various types of activities, commercial, recreational, residential, happen in a mix use land. Because it allows residents to meet many daily needs for goods and services, residence should be able to transit inside the district easily. This leads to bigger street front, sidewalk, and road, which can satisfy large traffic flow and people flow.

 

http://www.mrsc.org/subjects/planning/lu/plannedunitdev.aspx

http://www.mrsc.org/subjects/planning/lu/cluster.aspx

http://www.buckwaltercommercial.com/buckwalter_pud.aspx

http://www.mecels.com/ohioville.html

Midterm: Schematic Design

E4

Space Syntax E2

The Flinders Street Station Winning Proposal / HASSELL + Herzog & de Meuron

The design integrates the station with the surrounding urban context, which has evolved and changed significantly since the building was designed 100 years ago. The overall design includes a new public art gallery, public plaza, amphitheatre, marketplace, and a permanent home for arts and cultural festival organisations. Transport function is greatly improved, with new or improved concourses making it easier to get in and out.

http://www.archdaily.com/413042/the-flinders-street-station-shortlisted-proposal-hassell-herzog-and-de-meuron/

Yiren Weng E1B

Wet Grid

1. Locations of the points are based on transportation, view and the activities happening around our site.

2. Two attempts: a. No movement in the first attempt.  b. Strings are less tight in the second attempt and movement happened.