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Final Essay Nick Mann

FinalEssay_12.14.18

Protected: Midterm Images-Nick Mann

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Protected: Project 4_ Nick Mann

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P1- Sharing Cars not Rides & Evolution of Smart Cities- Nick Mann

Urban mobility is the way in which people move in urban or metro areas. There are many studies about improving urban mobility in terms of time, price, efficiency, and their environmental improvements. Within urban mobility studies are many sub-studies on more specific issue or solutions in the future improvement to urban mobility. These include transportation involving cars, buses, subway(This is excluding mobility by walking and biking) and the evolution of a smart city. Whether you are creating a new smart city or you are transforming an existing city or metro area into a smart city based upon its needs or key target area, and these are the two areas of research i focused on for project 1.

In today’s world, we live in a society that constantly strives for efficiency and everything to be instantaneous. We want fast internet connection, clear cell service, no traffic congestion, and and constantly trying to improve everything. Future seems to be our phones and the apps we use on them, and leading the way for apps are the travel and transportation applications. From apps that can tell us the best or fastest way to places like Waze and Google Maps to ride sharing apps like Uber, Lyft, and Bird. People are always on the moving and moving at a fast rate, so we need to take this into account when designing and anticipate that it will only continue to improve and grow as it has so much even in the past 5 years.

In the research i read titled “Driver-less Cars and the City: Sharing Cars, Not Rides”, the proposition is to get rid of personally owned vehicles and have people use a ride sharing business. This would not be your typical ride sharing though, it would not be requesting a car and someone picking you up and driving you to your location and thats the end. This proposes that you request a car to head into work and you walk out and there is a self driving car ready for you to take you to work and after dropping you off the car will go seek another person to pick up and drop off and the cycle continues. Due to the cars being autonomous the company will be able to provide many and many rides to people and not worry about “drivers” being available at certain times or in certain areas that our current ride sharing apps struggle with. Cars in todays society take us to work, take us home, and take us to the occasional errand or activity, and then sit in the garage all night. On average a car sits idle in a parking spot or garage for 90% of its lifetime. Through the use of autonomous ride sharing it is estimated that we can get rid of about 80% of vehicles which will help transition us into the era of electric cars and reduce carbon emissions. With the use of autonomous cars it will also decrease decrease traffic congestion. Autonomous vehicle will allow the company to set certain traffic patterns almost like bus routes that the cars will follow and can go from one to the other as needed but will keep some sort of consistent traffic patterns and movement to essential eliminate congestion in typically high traffic areas. Through all of these it will make our travelling much more time efficient allowing us to be more efficient in other areas, whether at home or at work and this idea will lead into the second article i researched about smart cities being the integration of physical, digital, and human systems to deliver a sustainable future.

Of course there are many issues or concerns with this proposal such as security, safety, and actual usage. An ongoing concern in our society is security and personal safety. With the use of autonomous cars you can skip the background checks and fear of potential dangerous or uneasy positions between rider and driver. Another issue is the public safety concerns particularly with autonomous cars. In accordance with the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration a level 3 autonomous vehicle allows for passenger intervention if needed where as a level 4 is autonomous with no passenger intervention. This brings up the concern for vehicle malfunctions, significant system issues, malicious system hacking, and a lack of moral decision making by the vehicle.

In the second article i researched titled “Towards Evolution Design for Smart City Development”, its is described that a smart city is not just a technical fix for an urban challenge but is an integration of physical, digital, and human systems in a built environment to deliver a sustainable future. To do this you have to collect standardized measurements over time, compare evidence against your base line, find and pick strategic targets, and use real-time data. This will allow for you to not only design based off of quantitative data but to allow your design to be parametric and change with the ever changing data in real time. Not to design based off of data now and in 10 years redesign based off of the new data but to allow your design to change with the time and not in milestones.  Some examples of this are autonomous heating and electricity that will change the temperature in a build based on the temperature outside to keep it at a constant temperature and change the lighting in a room based off of light entering in the windows.